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home  > about india index > india statistics facts and figures

India statistics, facts and figures

Following are various stats, facts and figures on India , picked out of newspapers (mainly Hindustan Times), magazines (mainly India Today), the BBC and various sources on the web. These figures are not meant to be comprehensive lists, but rather statistical trivia or factual snippets. For basic general facts and figures about India as well as several Indian states, please see the Quick Reference popups on the right hand side of this page, . For a full list of links to our statistics pages, see the About India index or the bottom of the right navigation bar on this page.

The stats on this page are divided into following sections:
   Parliamentary statistics
   Figures on India's population
   Various Indian statistics
   Figures on glaciers / global warming
   Some facts & figures on poverty in India
   Various world records
   Some statistics on education
   Data on agriculture
   Numbers on the Kumbh Mela (Ardh and Maha)
   Various Delhi statistics
   Miscellaneous stats about Indian states or places

Lines marked with an asterisk (*) are recently added entries.

 other statistics pages by subject
 India tourism statistics
 Indian telecom and IT facts & figures
 India health statistics
 Economy and employment statistics
 Judicial and crime statistics
 India election statistics
 Himachal Pradesh stats
 
 parliamentary statistics
 - age of the oldest MP in the 14th Lokh Sabha (House of Parliament): 94 (May 2004)
 - youngest MP in the 14th Lokh Sabha: 26 years, Sachin Pilot (May 2004)
 - average age of the MPs in the 14th Lokh Sabha: 52.7 (May 2004)
 - number of women MPs in the 14th Lokh Sabha: 44 (May 2004, four less than in 1999)
 - candidates with criminal background in UP who made it into the 14th Lokh
   Sabha:
12
 - number of MPs in 13th Lok Sabha (Lower House of Parliament): 543 (feb 04)
 - number of women MPs in 13th Lok Sabha: 46 (feb 04)
 - number of female Chief Ministers dec 2003: 5 (Sheila Dikshit, Vasundhara Raje,
   Uma Bharti, Rabri Devi, Jayalalitha)
 
 figures on India's population
 - total population: 1.06 billion people (mar 2004)
 - daily population increase: about 50,000 people
 - one baby born in India: every 1.25 seconds
 - India's working age population (15-60 years): 610 million (estimate 2003)
 - population dependent on agriculture for livelihood: 65 %
 - population living in approx 600,000 villages countrywide: 722.8 million people [2001]
 - population living in cities: 277.8 million people [2001]
 - population living a significant distance from a road: nearly 40 percent
   [Sahara Time, Mar 2004]
 - population growth per year (1991 - 2001): India: 1.9 % -- Rajasthan: 2.5 %
   -- Kerala: 0.9 %
 - population growth in India within decade 1991-2001: 21.4 % [HT Mar 04]
 - population growth in Kerala within decade 1991-2001: 9.42 % [HT Mar 04]
 - population density in Kerala: 819 people per sq km (3rd highest in India, after
   West Bengal and Bihar) [HT Mar 04]
 - population density in Ladakh: 1.3 people per sq km
 - Delhi population: 1981: 6.2 million -- 2003: 13.5 million
 - population of Bangalore approx 2 decades ago: approx 2 million [BBC, Jan 2006]
 - current population of Bangalore: approx 8 million [BBC, Jan 2006]
 - population of different religions (acc to figures by census commissioner, census
   of 2001):
80.5% Hindu, 13.4% Muslim, 2.3% Christian, 1.9% Sikh, 0.8% Buddhist,
   0.4% Jain, 0.01% Zoroastrian, 1.3% other
 - loss of female births within past 2 decades caused by abortion and sex selection:
   estimate of more than 10 million [BBC, Jan 2006]
 - annual 'girl deficit' due to prenatal sex selection and selective abortion: 500,000
   according to researchers for the Lancet Journal [BBC, Jan 2006]
 - child sex ratio of 0-6 year olds acc to census data 2001 (numbers of females per
   1000 males):
Himachal: 1991:951, 2001: 897 -- Spiti Valley in HP: 2001: 1009 --
   Punjab: 1991: 875, 2001: 793 -- Haryana: 2001: 820 -- Sikkim: 2001: 986
  more facts and figures about India in quick reference stats popup
 
 various Indian statistics
 - position in the corruption index of 133 countries surveyed (2003): 83rd (survey
   by Transparency International)
 - number of districts in India (2003): 593
 - number of families: 192 million
 - number of houses: 179 million
 - Indian families living in one-room-houses: 40 %
 - number of places of worship (temple, mosque, church etc): 2.4 million (more
   than schools, colleges and hospitals combined)
 - number of gays, lesbians and transgender individuals: 70 million (estimate by
   Humsafar Trust)
 - estimated percentage of sexually active males in India who have had sex with men
   at least once
: 25 % (estimate by National AIDS Control Organisation health survey)
 - Indian families who own a TV set: 32 %
 - illegal immigrants from Bangladesh: over 15 million
 - length of the Indo-Bangladesh border: 4096 km [Indian Express Oct 04]
 - most polluted river in India: Yamuna (July 2003)
 - annual increase of forest cover: 38,000 hectares (according to HP forest
   Minister Chander Kumar)
 - India's first test tube baby: 1978 (world's second test tube baby); Kanupriya Aggarwal
 - literacy rate: 1990: 52 % (61.8% male; 33.7% fem) -- 2001: 65.4 %
 - * newspaper readership in urban areas in 2006: 45% of urban population
   [DNA Aug 2006]
 - * growth of newspaper readership from 2005 to 2006: 12.6million more readers
   [DNA Aug 2006]
 - * average time spent on reading newspaper: 44 min [DNA Aug 06]
 - * people listening to the radio: 27% of the total population [DNA Aug 06]
 - percentage of rain during 4 months summer monsoon: 80 % of yearly rainfall in India
 - number of NRIs in Britain: 1,3 million (NRI: Non Resident Indian)
 - number of Indian nurses working in the UK: almost 10,000 [2004]
 - number of additional villages electrified in 2003: 6,350 (acc. to Ministry of Power)
 - number of single light connections released to "Below Poverty Lines" family:
   over 3 million (acc. to Ministry of Power)
 - number of portraits of Jayalalitha by painter Shihan Hussaini drawn by his own
   blood:
56 [HT Feb 04]
 - India's road accident record 1998: 6 % of the world's road accident deaths happen
   in India (while India has only 1 % of the world's road vehicles) [GBoWR]
 - death and injury caused by accidents on India's roads: 1 person dies every 6
   minutes; 10 are injured in the same time frame [BBC; Sep 2005]
 - * India's percentage of global car population: 1% [Daily Telegraph Sep 06]
 - * India's share of global car accidents: 10% [Daily Telegraph Sep 06]
 - financial losses due to road traffic injuries 2005: 550 bn Rs = 3% of GDP
   [BBC; Sep 2005]
 - number of vehicles per km in Mumbai: 591 [BBC; Sep 2005]
 - number of road accidents in Mumbai: up to 35 per day (with up to 15 deaths per day)
   [BBC; Sep 2005]
 - number of cars in Bangalore (Karnataka): 1.95 million cars (Bangalore's population
   is 6.5 million people) [BBC Sep 04]
 - increase of alcohol consumption in past two decades in India: by 106 % [HT Jul 04]
  more facts and figures about India in quick reference stats popup
 
 figures on glaciers / global warming
 - * average yearly retreat (vanishing) of Himalayan glaciers: 2006: 30 metres --
   1935-1999: 18 metres -- 1842-1935: 7 metres [DNA Jan 07]
 - * average decrease of glacier thickness (of 30 glaciers monitored by WGMS) in
   2005:
66 cm (WGMS: Swiss based World Glacier Monitoring Service) [DNA Jan 07]
 - * Himalayan glaciers and years in which they are to vanish due to global
   warming:
Gangotri, Miyer, Mlion, Janapa to vanish by 2030-2050 [TNJ Jan 07]
 - * number of people directly affected if above glaciers were to melt: 1.5 billion
   [TNJ Jan 07]
 - * length of India's largestglacier, Gangotri: 2006: less than 20km -- 1930: 25km
   [DNA Jan 07]
 - * rate in which India's largest glacier, Gangotri, melts: 28.1 metres per year
   [TNJ Jan 07]
 - * year in which Himalayan glacier Gangotri will disappear: 2050, if glacier
   melt continues at same rate [TNJ Jan 07]
 - * distance that Siachen glacier retreated between 1990 and 2001: 578 metres
   [TNJ Jan 07]
 - * average yearly melt of Siachen glacier between 1990 and 2001: 52 metres
   [TNJ Jan 07]
 
 some facts & figures on poverty in India
 - people below poverty line: about 260 million (acc. to AB Vajpayee feb 04)
 - poor living in India: one quarter of the world's poor [BBC Aug 04]
 - people living on less than 1 Euro per day (50-55 Rs) 2004: about 30 % of population
 - * number of people in India living on less than 50 pence per day: about 300 million
  [BBC News Night, Oct 2006]
 - number of people living in slums: 150 million [BBC 15 sep 2004]
 - people in Mumbai living in shanty towns, open spaces, or on pavements: 50% of
   Mumbai's population [BBC, Nov 2005]
 - world's largest slum: located in Mumbai; Dharavi, 432 acres
 - number of inhabited buildings declared as dangerous or dilapidated in Mumbai:
   19,000 [BBC; Sep 2005]
 - number of children in India who die before the age of 5: 63 out of 1000 according
   to UN report [BBC; Sep 2005]
 - children under 3 years of age in Orissa severely malnourished: 21 % (Feb 04, acc to
   National Family Health Survey); or 3.8 % (acc. to data collected by the state)
 - tribal children below the age of six who have died of malnourishment-related causes
   in 15 districts of Maharashtra:
9,000 (between Apr 2003 and May 2004)
 - number of street children in Delhi: 150,000 estimate [BBC; Sep 2005]
 
 various world records
 - * world record in "worms eaten in 30 seconds": by C. Manoharan,
   aka "Snake Manu", in Chennai, Tamil Nadu; he ate 200 earthworms each at
   least 10 cm long in November 2003 [GBoWR]
 - * world record for longest hair: 5.15 m long hair by Hoo Sateow (1997) [GBoWR]
 - * world record for longest beard: 1.83 m by Shamsher Singh, Punjab (1997) [GBoWR]
 - * world record for the longest fingernails (1998): 6.15 m as the combined length
   of the five nails of left hand by Shridhar Chillal from Pune, Maharashtra [GBoWR]
 - * age of the oldest person to become Prime Minister: 81 years, Morarji
   Ranchhodji Desai, Indian PM 1977-1979 [GBoWR]
 - * number of movies output in India 1990: 948 (standing record) [GBoWR]
 - * estimated number of people who donated hair at the Tirupati temple in
   Andhra Pradesh 1999:
6.5 million - a standing record [GBoWR 2004]
 - * world record of highest monthly rainfall: 9,300 mm at Cherrapunji, Meghalaya,
   July 1861 [GBoWR]
 - * worst train disaster in the world: in Samastipur, Bihar, India, on 6 June 1981;
   more than 800 passengers died [GBoWR]
 - * highest motorable road in the world: Khardung La, Ladakh, Jammu & Kashmir,
   with an altitude up to 5,682 m (18,640 ft) [GBoWR]
 
 some statistics on education
 - expenditure on education in 2000-2001: 778.5 billion Rupees,
   equiv. to 4.11 % of the GDP of that year
 - number of universities: 1950-51: 27 -- 2000-01: 254
 - number of colleges: 1950-51: 578 -- 2000-01: over 10,000 (some estimate over 13,000)
 - * number of college graduates per year: 20 lakh (2 million) [BBC Jan 07]
 - number of teachers in higher education: 1961: 62,000 (estimate)
   -- 1997: over 320,000 -- 2003: over 330,000 (estimate)
 - number of students enrolled: 1961:17.9 million -- 1991: 72.4 million
 - average number of students per teacher: 220
 - people partaking of higher education: 1 person out of every 14,000
 - number of pupils at the City Montessori school in Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, 2002:
   26,312 pupils (world record) [GBoWR]
 - number of Indians going as students to Britain: 17,000 per year
 - number of Indians going as students to the US: 14,000 per year
 
  data on agriculture
 - number of cows globally: 1.5 billion [NATURE oct 04]
 - number of cows in India: 200 million [Times of India aug 04]
 - number of buffaloes in India: 90 million [Times of India aug 04]
 - annual number of cattle smuggled from India into Bangladesh: 6 million
 - milk production 2001-2002:
84.6 million tonnes
 - people who are farmers:
almost 550 million [Sahara Time, Mar 04]
 - number of agricultural labourers: about 200 million (many with daily wages
   below 10 Rs per day) [Sahara Time, Mar 04]
 - cultivation which is rain-dependent: nearly 60 percent [Sahara Time, Mar 04]
 - area in which pesticides are used: 1980: 6 million hectare -- 1990: 125 million hectare
 - people in Andhra Pradesh who depend on agriculture: 60 % (of population of
   76 million) [HT May 04]
 - number of farmers in Andhra Pradesh: 12 million [HT May 04]
 - number of small/marginal farmers in Andhra Pradesh who depend on rain for
   irrigation:
10 million [HT May 04]
 - number of debt-ridden farmers committing suicide every day in AP: 5-7 [HT May 04]
 - * number of farmer suicides due to bad debt in the Vidarbha region of Maharashtra
   within the past 3 years (2006):
1,500 according to revenue records --
   930 since 2001 according to Maharashtra state Government [DNA Jun 06]
 - interest rates charged by "moneylenders" and local "businessmen" for a small
   agricultural loan:
100 to 450 % [Sahara Time, Mar 04]
 - GDP from agriculture: 24 % of total gross domestic product [BBC Jul 04]
 - government spending for the agricultural sector: 8 percent of the annual budget
   [Sahara Time, Mar 04]
 - total of arable land which is not irrigated: nearly 63 percent [Sahara Time, Mar 04]
 - bank credit allocated for agriculture: 12% of total bank credit in India [Sahara Time,
   Mar 2004]
 - money allocated for various irrigation policies by the government: 620 million Rs
   for the 2003-2004 budget [Sahara Time, Mar 2004]
 - disparity in average income between farmers and non-farmers: 5 times
   (non-farmers earn 5 times more than farmers) [Sahara Time, Mar 2004]
 - production of fruit and vegetables by India: 14% of world wide production [BBC Sep 04]
 - India's export of fruit and vegetables: 1 % of world's fruit/veg exports [BBC Sep 04]
 - India's tea production in 2003: 856 million kg [BBC Sep 04]
 - tea produced in Assam: 55 % of India's total tea production [BBC Sep 04]
 - daily tea production in Assam in high picking season: 2 million kg [BBC Sep 04]
 - decrease of Assam's best quality tea prices within 5 years: 10 % [BBC Sep 04]
 
 numbers on the Kumbh Mela
 - * size of population in Allahabad: 2 million [BBC Jan 07]
 - * number of visitors to Allahabad during the Maha Kumbh Mela: 1989: 15 million --
   2001: 50-70 million [DI Jan 07]
 - * expected number of visitors to Allahabad during the Ardh Kumbh Mela 2007:
   about 60 million [BBC Jan 07]
 - * area covered by the festival ground in Allahabad: 1,620 hectares (6.2 square
   miles) [BBC Jan 07]
 - * number of tents erected as temporary accommodation on the Kumbh Mela
   ground (2007):
50,000 [BBC Jan 07]
 - * number of temporary toilets on the Kumbh Mela ground in Allahabad (2007):
   25,000 [BBC Jan 07]
 - * number of police patrolling the festival grounds (2007): 20,000 [BBC Jan 07]
 
 various Delhi statistics
 - * number of weddings in Delhi on the auspicious day of 10 Dec 2006:
   around 36,000 [IND Dec 06]
 - * cost of 2-3 bedroom middle-class luxury apartment in tier II or tier III town:
   around 20 lakh Rs (approx 25,000 GBP); tier II and tier III towns are about
   2-3 hours drive from Delhi, for example Kundli, Sonepat, Panipat in Haryana and
   Rudrapur in Uttaranchal [TH Jan 07]
 - * cost of equivalent apartment in Delhi: 60-70 lakh Rs (approx 75,000 - 87,000 GBP)
   [TH Jan 07]
 - * cost of studio apartments (1 bedroom) in Rishikesh: up to 30-40 lakh Rs
   (37,000 - 50,000 GBP) [TH Jan 07]
 - bottles of beer sold in financial year 2002-2003: 27.5 million
 - Delhi's annual per capita consumption of alcohol: 5.7 litres (compared to
   9.25 litres in the UK, 14.02 litres in France) [HT Jul 04]
 - average age a Delhiite loses his/her virginity (according to a survey 2003): 18 years
 - number of female births per 1000 male births: 1992:862 -- 1994: 840 -- 1995: 744
   -- 1998: 899 -- 2000: 820
 - abandoned babies per year: 2002: 90 (about 60 % female) -- 2000: 100
 - estimated number of cattle / cows on Delhi's streets: 40,000 [NATURE oct 04]
 - number of "cowboys" hired by Delhi municipality to catch stray, free
   roaming cows to be transported to special reserves outside the city perimeter:

   100 [NATURE oct 04]
 - estimated number of stray dogs in Delhi: 200,000
 - estimated number of monkeys in Delhi: 5,000 (with annual growth rate of 20 %)
 - monthly salary of monkey catcher (government rate): 3000 Rupees
 - number of fixed telephone lines in Delhi: 2.3 million (2002 or 2003)
 - number of mobile telephone connections in Delhi: 3.4 million (2002 or 2003)
 - reduction of pollution level in Delhi since 1996: down by up to 73 %
   (base is year with highest pollution levels 1996)
 - number of security personnel deployed Republic Day 2004: 23,000
 - amount of explosives seized by Delhi police in the run-up to Republic day 2004:
   6.5 kg of high explosives, rocket propelled grenade, detonators and timers
 - tube wells running dry in Delhi: about 20 % of the Delhi Jal Board's (water board)
   total of 2,800 tube wells [HT Jun 04]education
  more facts and figures about Delhi in quick reference stats popup
 
 miscellaneous stats about Indian states or places
 - beef consumption in Kerala: 40 % of meat consumed in the state
 - Haryana cost of buffalo: 18,000 - 24,000 Rupees
 - Haryana cost of girl (human trafficking): 4000 Rupees
 - Uttaranchal hydropower theoretical potential: 20,000 MW
 - Uttaranchal hydropower potential actually used: 8 %
 - number of diesel engine tube wells in Uttar Pradesh: 2.7 million [BBC sep 04]
 - number of electric motor tube wells in Uttar Pradesh: 600,000 [BBC sep 04]
 - installation of solar pumps in Uttar Pradesh in 2003: 109 [BBC sep 04]
 - number of guests invited to Tamil Nadu Chief Minister Jayalalitha's foster son's
   wedding:
over 150,000 people at a cost of 2 crore for security, paid by the state [GBoWR]
 - * number of buses owned by APSRTC in 1999: 18,397 (APSRTC = Andhra
   Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation) - a world record [GBoWR]
 - * casualties in 2003 in Andhra Pradesh due to Naxalite insurgency:
   Naxals: 172 -- civilians: 137 -- police: 14
 - * number of personnel (police and para-military forces) involved in anti-Naxalite
   operations in Andhra Pradesh:
20,000
 - * number of years with uninterrupted Communist rule in the state of West Bengal:
   27 (since 1977 CPI-M in power) [BBC Oct 04]
 - * number of vehicles on Bangalore's road: 5 million [BBC Jan 07]
 - * number of casualties in the "jallikattu" (bull taming event) at Palamedu, near
   Madurai:
2006: 2 dead, 450 injured -- 2007: 50 injured [TH Jan 07]
  more facts about individual Indian states on quick reference stats page
 
[Back to Top]
data sources & key:
AT: Asia Times, BBC: BBC online, BRIT: Britannica 2002, BSNL: BSNL Telecom Trends, BSt: Business Standard, CIA: CIA Factbook India, CIN: censusindia.net, CNEI: Chandigarh Newsline, c/net: c/net news, ConSu: Content Sutra DI: Daily India, DNA: DNA India, EB: EquityBull, EI: ExpressIndia, EW: EconomyWatch, FE: Financial Express, FL: Frontline, GG: Gujarat Global, GTF: Global Technology Forum, GBoWR: Guinness Book of World Records, HT: Hindustan Times, ID: IndiaDaily, IInfoLine: India InfoLine IND: The Independent, ITo: India Today, NPBS: Nature PBS, PhO: PhysOrg, RED: Rediff, REU: Reuters, Sify: Sify Broadband, TH: The Hindu, TNJ: The News (Jang), ToI: Times of India, TT: The Tribune,  
 
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